Prime Minister of Brazil

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Portrait Name Term of office Mandate Political party Monarch
The Transition Era
Pedro II
r. 1831-1889
Viscount of Maracaju
Rufino Eneias Galvão

(1831-1909)
15 Nov.
1889
1 Jan.
1891
● Legitimised coup Independent
Failed Republican coup; Battle of November 16th; Army appeasements; Abdication of Pedro II; Coronation of Isabel
Isabel
r. 1889-1921
João Alfredo Correia de Oliveira
(1835-1919)
1 Jan.
1891
22 Aug.
1892
● 1890 election Conservative
Economic crisis; Resignation
Deodoro da Fonseca
(1827-1893)
22 Aug.
1892
23 Nov.
1893
● Appointed Conservative
Death
Antônio da Silva Prado
(1840-1929)
23 Nov.
1893
1 Jan.
1895
● Appointed Conservative
Events
Joaquim Nabuco
(1849-1910)
1 Jan.
1895
1 Jan.
1889
● 1894 election Liberal
Liberal landslide; Major social reforms
Ruy Barbosa
(1849-1923)
1 Jan
1899
1 Jan.
1901
● 1898 election Liberal
Railway expansions; Barbosa electoral reform act
Baron of Rio Branco
José Paranhos Júnior

(1845-1912)
1 Jan.
1901
1 Jan.
1905
● 1900 election Conservative
Petrópolis treaty
Joaquim Nabuco
(1849-1910)
1 Jan.
1905
8 Sep.
1906
● 1904 election Liberal
Velarde-Barbosa treaty; Vote of no confidence
The Liberal Conservative Era
Júlio Bueno Brandão
(1858-1931)
8 Sep.
1906
1 Jan.
1909
● Appointed Liberal Conservative
(Liberal Conservative coalition until 1907)
Formation of the Radical Liberal Party; Formation of the Liberal Conservative Party; Public education network expansion; Railway network expansion; Ouro Fino pact; 1908 election crisis
Rodrigues Alves
(1848-1921)
1 Jan.
1909
10 Feb.
1913
● 1908 election
● 1912 election
Liberal Conservative
Revolt of the lashers; Contestado War; "Anti-Radical" act; Curbing of Monarchical power; End of the Counani War; forced resignation
Artur Bernardes
(1875-1955)
10 Feb.
1913
1 Jan.
1921
● Appointed
● 1916 election
Liberal Conservative
Conflicts with the São Paulo government; Construction of Brasília Starts; Brasília construction workers strike; Spanish flu epidemic; Financial crisis; 1918 general strike; Declaration of state of siege; Adolfo Gordo Act
Estácio Coimbra
(1872-1937)
1 Jan.
1921
10 June
1924
● 1920 election Liberal Conservative
Expansion of the education system; Entrance into the League of Nations; Death of Emperess Isabel; Coronation of Pedro III; The second regency era starts; Many revolts; Construction of Brasília finishes; Resignation
Pedro III
r. 1921-1981
Fernando de Melo Viana
(1878-1954)
10 June
1924
1 Jan.
1925
● Appointed Liberal Conservative
Interim Government
Altino Arantes
(1876-1965)
1 Jan.
1925
1 Aug.
1930
● 1924 election
● 1928 election
Liberal Conservative
Great depression hits Brazil; 1930 FIFA world cup; Vote of no confidence; Emperor calls snap elections
Adolfo Bergamini
(1886-1945)
1 Aug.
1930
31 Aug.
1931
● 1930 election Radical Liberal
(Minority government)
Amnesty to former insurgents (failed); "Bergamínias" polices; Police corruption investigation; Repealing of anti-strike legislation (failed); Universal voting act; Accusations of faked nationality; Forced resignation
Francisco Campos
(1891-1968)
31 Aug.
1931
21 Oct.
1931
● Appointed Liberal Conservative
(With outside support of the Catholic party)
Communist coup rumors; Resigned in favor of Salgado
Plínio Salgado
(1895-1980)
21 Oct.
1931
1 May
1938
● Appointed
● 1932 election
Union for Integral Government Action
(Liberal Conservative with Catholic Party outside support until 1931)
Signing of the 1932 constitution; Establishment of the Salgado regime; Creation of the Union for Integral Government Action; 1932 Summer Olympics; Some revolts; Internal conflict; Downfall
Miguel Costa
(1885-1959)
1 May
1938
1 Jan.
1941
● Appointed Independent
Interim government; Signing of the 1939 constitution
The Populist Era
Osvaldo Aranha
(1894-1960)
1 Jan.
1941
1 Jan.
1947
● 1940 election
● 1942 election
Radical Liberal
(Socialist coalition)
1943 labor code; Popular Front; Entrance in World War Two; Industrialization efforts; Joins ECTO
João Mangabeira
(1880-1964)
1 Jan.
1947
18 Sep.
1948
● 1946 election Socialist
(Radical Liberal coalition until late 1948)
(Ra Lib. - Communist coalition)
Welfare reforms; Resignation
Pedro Ludovico Teixeira
(1891-1979)
18 Sep.
1948
1 Jan.
1951
● Appointed Radical Liberal
(Socialist coalition)
1950 FIFA World cup
Alberto Pasqualini
(1901-1960)
1 Jan.
1951
1 Fev.
1956
● 1950 election
● 1954 election
Socialist
(Radical Liberal coalition)
Land Reform; "Oil is ours" campaign; Rural cooperatives; Resignation
José Américo
(1887-1980)
1 Fev.
1956
1 Jan.
1959
● Appointed Labour
(Socialist until 1957)
(Radical Liberal coalition)
Anti-Drought programs; Socialist Party split; 1958 FIFA World cup; Leaves the ECTO
The Uncertain Era
Ademar de Barros
(1901-1969)
1 Jan.
1959
6 July
1961
● 1958 election Liberal Conservative
Economic openning; Public healthcare expansion; Budget reform; Internal opposition; Public works programs; "Affair of the leeches"; Corruption allegations; Resignation
Afonso Arinos
(1905-1990)
6 July
1961
1 Jan.
1967
● Appointed
● 1962 election
Liberal Conservative
(Chris Dem. - Rad Lib. coalition after 1962)
"Independent foreign policy"; Lobster War
Juscelino Kubitschek
(1902-1976)
1 Jan.
1967
1 Jan.
1971
● 1966 election Radical Liberal
(Labour coalition)
"Plan of goals"; Belém-Brasília Highway; Tronco Principal Sul Railway; Military appeasement; Public education expansion; 1968 Rio de Janeiro bombings; Internal opposition; Creation of the Brazilian Space Program; High national debt
Leonel Brizola
(1922-2004)
1 Jan.
1971
1 Jan.
1979
● 1970 election
● 1974 election
Labour
(Democratic Left - Rad Lib. - Chris Dem. Coalition)
Basic Educational Guidelines Act; Public education expansion; Oil crisis hits Brazil; Public works programs; 1977 failed coup; "Army cleaning" intiavtive; "Scramble for Globo"
Jânio Quadros
(1917-1992)
1 Jan.
1979
25 Aug.
1980
● 1978 election Christian Democrat
(Lib Con. coalition)
Austerity polices; Anti corruption mesaures; Censorship against pornographic material; 1980 Summer Olympics; Vote of no confidence
Franco Montoro
(1916-1999)
25 Aug.
1980
1 Jan.
1983
● Appointed Christian Democrat
(Lib Con. - Labour - Rad Lib. coalition)
Death of Pedro III; Coronation of Luiz I
Luiz I
r. 1981-1997
Mário Henrique Simonsen
(1935-1997)
1 Jan.
1983
15 March
1985
● 1982 election Liberal Conservative
Privatizations; Adoption of Fixed Exchange Rate; Economic derregulation; Liberal Conservative Party internal conflict; Resignation
Paulo Maluf
(b. 1931)
15 March
1985
1 Jan.
1987
● Appointed National Democrat
(Liberal Conservative until late 1984)
Creation of the National Democratic Union
Darcy Ribeiro
(1922-1997)
1 Jan.
1987
1 Jan.
1991
● 1986 election Labour
(Democratic Left - Communist - Green Coalition)
Public education reforms; Bolsa-Escola; Public works programs; Nationaliztions; Enviromental protections; Indigenous Self Determination Act; Expansion of Latinoamerican Partnership
The Contemporary Era
Fernando de Mello
(b. 1949)
1 Jan.
1991
1 Jan.
1995
● 1990 election Liberal Front
Neoliberal reforms; "Dark magic" allegations; Brazil Rejoins the ECTO
Silvio Santos
(1930-2003)
1 Jan.
1995
20 June
2000
● 1994 election
● 1998 election
National Democrat
(Progressive Reform - Rad Lib. Coalition)
Technological development efforts; Resignation of Luiz I; Coronation of Pedro IV; Resignation
Pedro IV
r. 1997-2009
Enéas Carneiro
(1938-2007)
20 June
2000
1 Jan.
2003
● Appointed Progressive Reform
(National Democratic - Rad Lib. Coalition)
Failed exit from the ECTO; Nuclear program expansions; Start of the Pan-American Railway's construction; Children welfare; Anti-Abortion Act
Lula da Silva
(b. 1945)
1 Jan.
2003
2 Jan.
2011
● 2002 election
● 2006 election
● 2010 election
Democratic Left
(Green Party - Liberal Front Coalition)
Rafael
r. 2009-2010
Death of Pedro IV; Coronation of Rafael; Resignation of Rafael; Coronation of Luiz II; Cancer diagnosis; Resignation
Gilberto Gil
(b. 1942)
3 Oct.
2011
2 Dec.
2011
● Appointed Green
(Democratic Left - Liberal Front Coalition)

Luiz II
r. 2010-present
Interim Government
Marta Suplicy
(b. 1945)
2 Dec.
2011
1 Jan.
2015
● Appointed Democratic Left
(Green Party - Liberal Front Coalition)
2014 FIFA world cup
Levy Fidelix
(b. 1951)
1 Jan.
2015
1 Jan.
2019
● 2014 election Progressive Reform
(National Democratic Union Coalition)
Soft support from Luiz II during elections; Monorail construction in metropolises
Ciro Gomes
(b. 1957)
1 Jan.
2019
Incmbt. ● 2018 election Labour
Negotiations with strikers